Online Data Protection

June 30, 2023

Online data protection is about maintaining the privacy of personal information. It also works to stop criminals from using this data to defraud or harass individuals.

Data protection laws and regulations vary across countries, making them complex to adhere to and difficult for some businesses.


Privacy refers to the power individuals have over how their personal data is used, shared and destroyed. This can be achieved through various methods such as setting up private networks and using passwords.

People who maintain control over their digital information and its security can protect themselves online from online hackers, spammers, and advertisers. Furthermore, they can shield themselves against government intrusion into their lives as well as online activity.

Governments and technology companies have long had a contentious relationship over individual privacy rights. But with the rise of online technology and social media, it has become more critical than ever that data protection principles are adhered to at the highest levels.

Privacy is a fundamental human right recognized by the UN Declaration of Human Rights and numerous international and regional treaties. It supports other fundamental human rights such as freedom of association and expression.

Through history, governments, powerful business entities and criminals have used the power of privacy to malign individuals and restrict their civil liberties. This includes racial profiling, persecution of religious and ethnic groups and political censorship.

For instance, during World War II the Axis powers targeted specific races and religions with the intent of near genocide. This was possible since they could identify their victims based on information such as location and digital signatures.

Recent antitrust lawsuits against Facebook and Google have reignited the conversation around privacy and data protection. These cases demonstrate how important privacy is to preserving a business’ competitiveness in today’s digital marketplace.

Additionally, the European Union has passed two directives that have tightened data protection laws throughout Europe and set standards for national legislation. These documents, known as the Data Protection Directive and Telecommunications Directive, aim to safeguard citizens’ rights with regard to their personal data.

Though some countries have chosen not to adopt comprehensive data protection legislation in favor of sectoral laws that cover specific information areas like video rental records or financial privacy, these are not without limitations. For instance, the lack of legal safeguards for genetic data poses a serious concern.


Security is the process of guarding against unauthorized access, loss or corruption of data throughout its lifespan. It involves processes and practices as well as various tools that protect data in both at rest and in motion – like encryption, hashing or tokenization – that help guard data.

Security in the digital environment is paramount for avoiding cyber attacks and safeguarding personal data. To this end, employers should receive cybersecurity training as well as lessons about online fraudulence.

Security has become more critical in recent years as hackers devise new and sophisticated techniques to steal personal information from businesses and individuals alike. These include ransomware, phishing attacks and data exfiltration.

One way to protect against such attacks is by implementing security measures in your business, such as Adaptive Multi-Factor Authentication. This technology counters phishing attempts, weak passwords and data breaches.

Additionally, you can secure the data processed by your business by adopting a security by design approach. This implies specifying what needs to be processed prior to beginning processing, informing individuals appropriately, and only processing personal data necessary for specific purposes.

Another vital aspect of data protection is guaranteeing it complies with regulatory compliance standards. To do this, you may need to conduct an information risk assessment in order to assess the potential threats your processing poses to individuals’ rights and freedoms.

Additionally, make sure your privacy policies abide by data protection laws such as the EU GDPR and UK Data Protection Act 2018. Doing this demonstrates your concern for those served and their personal data.

Furthermore, you should take measures to keep your business secure by regularly testing and assessing its security systems for any flaws or vulnerabilities. Doing this will enable you to identify areas that require further investment.

Security is a fundamental element of online data protection and should be implemented by every organization. Not only will it reduce the damage caused by attacks, but it makes recovering after one easier for your business. Furthermore, it builds trust with customers and other members of the public by giving them assurance that their personal information is being safeguarded.


A person’s online reputation is their online identity, how others know them and perceive them. It is an important element of privacy that needs to be managed appropriately.

Reputation is an intricate, multi-layered, and dynamic phenomenon that can have profound consequences on individuals. It impacts relationships at all levels – from personal to national and international – making it a topic of study in numerous fields such as social sciences or management sciences.

An emergent property of an individual, group or society is called social construction. It reflects the collective judgments that individuals and organizations hold about other individuals, groups or entities; it is a socially constructed reality which may not always be accurate.

Online reputations can take shape much faster and more rapidly than offline ones, while information posted online is more likely to spread and be interpreted by a wider audience than its physical counterpart.

Due to this, it may be challenging for an individual to erase negative or inaccurate information about them or alter others’ perceptions of them. This could lead to a variety of issues such as missed job opportunities or a damaged reputation.

One of the greatest risks is identity theft, when people lose their financial, personal and other important information. This could result in substantial financial losses, legal issues and other complications that have a lasting effect on their lives.

This can be especially detrimental if someone is seeking employment or opening a new business. Companies often utilize online searches and social media to screen potential employees. It can be extremely frustrating for employers to hire someone only to discover that their reputation has suffered as a result of hiring them.

A positive, well-maintained online profile can make a person stand out from the competition and boost their employment chances. It also prevents employers from rejecting them without considering qualifications alone.

Management of an organization’s online reputation should be a top priority for any manager. A proactive strategy towards reputation risk management will equip managers with the resources to minimize damage and cut expenses.


Compliance is the ability of an individual, company or organization to adhere to standards, regulations, rules, policies, orders or requests.

In the online world, this is especially pertinent due to the vast amount of personal data collected and used. This can range from credit card numbers to email addresses.

Companies must take measures to keep this data secure, from collecting it initially until erasing it when no longer needed. To accomplish this, strong security measures should be employed throughout all stages of the ‘data lifecycle’ – from collecting the initial set of information until its eventual destruction.

Many countries have comprehensive privacy regulations, such as the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which carries stiff fines for non-compliance. Australia’s Privacy Act, Argentina’s Personal Data Protection Law and Canada’s Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act all possess stringent requirements regarding data security.

These regulations aim to give individuals control over the use of their personal data by organizations. They can request that companies delete it, discover what data has been shared with them and receive notifications of breaches.

Compliance can be a complex undertaking, as it necessitates adhering to new technology and processes. For instance, if you use an outside firm for processing personal data on behalf of your business, then contracts must be in place that ensure the safety of that data.

Due to the GDPR, both data controllers (the companies responsible for collecting and processing personal data) and data processors (outside companies that assist in that management) share responsibility. If a third-party processor does not abide by the regulation, both your company and that provider could face legal repercussions.

Furthermore, many companies must rewrite their existing contracts with customers to reflect the new GDPR obligations. These revised documents should establish consistent processes for data management and protection as well as how breaches should be reported.

It is especially crucial in the case of large-scale breaches that may impact multiple users. A breach in a customer’s data can have disastrous results for their reputation, not to mention the negative effect it can have on your company’s business operations.

Ammar Fakhruddin


Ammar brings in 18 years of experience in strategic solutions and product development in Public Sector, Oil & Gas and Healthcare organizations. He loves solving complex real world business and data problems by bringing in leading-edge solutions that are cost effective, improve customer and employee experience. At Propelex he focuses on helping businesses achieve digital excellence using Smart Data & Cybersecurity solutions.

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